What is Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia can be defined as the abnormal growth of breast tissue in men. Gynecomastia can develop in one breast or in both breasts. Gynecomastia is a disease that generally develops due to fluctuations in sex hormones and triggers that may harm the hormone balance. The main reasons that can lead to excessive growth of breast tissue in men can be listed as follows:

  • Testosterone level
  • Increased estrogen level
  • Some hormonal drugs used
  • Supplementary drugs to support bodybuilding sports
  • Obesity
  • Rapid weight gain and loss

Gynecomastia, it is a disease that can be treated. The medical unit that people with this problem should apply is Aesthetic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

How is Gynecomastia Surgery Done?

As with all surgical interventions, the first step before the planning and implementation of the gynecomastia procedure is to meet with a professional plastic surgeon in a reliable clinic. At the first interview, the patient is asked to provide information on issues such as family history, general health status, disease and surgery history, and medications he regularly uses. According to the results of physical examination and some blood tests to be requested, breast ultrasound, biopsy, if necessary, whether the person has gynecomastia or not is determined. After the diagnosis of gynecomastia is made, the treatment process is planned. The treatment course of gynecomastia is determined by factors such as the causes of the disease, how long the complaints continue, and the size of the growth. In cases where gynecomastia requires surgical intervention, the case is informed in detail about the pre- and post-operative process. The method of the surgery varies according to the type of gynecomastia . Liposuction technique can be applied for fatty tissues . In the gynecomastia type, which has a harder and larger appearance , the method of removing the mammary gland tissue is used by opening incisions. Gynecomastia surgeries, which last an average of 2 hours, can be performed under general and local anesthesia. The surgeon who will perform the operation decides on the type of anesthesia by considering the patient’s request and general health status.

What is the Recovery Process After Gynecomastia Surgery?

In gynecomastia surgeries, the patient can be discharged on the same day. Depending on the surgical intervention, mild and tolerable pain may occur. Edema and swelling that may occur after surgery are considered normal and are expected to pass over time. The patient can return to his daily life from the 3rd day . In order not to harm the healing process, compulsive activities should be avoided for a while. The first shower after the operation is taken on the 3rd day. In order to avoid the risk of infection, hygiene rules should be followed, antibiotics prescribed by the doctor and other drugs, if any, should be used regularly. The treatment area should be protected from sunlight for at least 3 months. One of the most important issues to be considered after the surgery is the use of corsets. The patient should use the corset for at least 3 weeks and should not stop using the corset without the permission and approval of the doctor.


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Other Details About Gynecomastia

As important as the presence, shape and size of the breasts are for women, it can be a nightmare for men due to gynecomastia. The feminine breast appearance caused by gynecomastia can turn into serious psychological pressure and anxiety, preventing people from doing even the simplest daily activities. It should not be forgotten that gynecomastia is a treatable disease that can cause consequences such as avoiding sports activities such as swimming in the sea or pool, restricting clothing choices, avoiding sexuality and physical contact, inability to walk or sit upright, etc. Aesthetic surgery offers a definitive solution among the treatment options determined depending on the reasons for its emergence. Although gynecomastia disappears with surgical intervention, it is recommended to make some lifestyle changes so that it does not recur. The most important of these is to provide weight control. Excessive weight gain may increase the risk of recurrence of gynecomastia. Ensuring weight control by doing regular sports and changing nutritional habits will be beneficial not only to prevent gynecomastia from recurring, but also to eliminate many health problems that obesity paves the way for.