Sex And Steroid Hormones Check-Up

Sex And Steroid Hormones Check-Up

SHBG (Sex Hormone Binding Globilin)

It is one of the laboratory tests requested if there are signs of a sex hormone imbalance. SHGB has an effect on the function of hormones such as testosterone and estrogen. Symptoms indicating low SHGB value;

  • Decrease in sperm density and speed
  • Loss of sexual desire
  • Impotence
  • Growth in breast tissue
  • Infertility
  • Tiredness
  • Depression
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Menstrual irregularities

For disease assessments, the SHGB should be administered in conjunction with other tests.

Total Testosterone

Testosterone is a hormone produced in the testicles in men and in the ovaries in women. It is called the male sex hormone. Test that measures total testosterone, SHBG bound hormones and others. Diseases and conditions that cause high testosterone in women can be listed as follows;

  • Irregular period
  • Acne problems
  • Pubescence
  • Infertility
  • Loss of sexual desire
  • Early signs of aging
  • Thickening of the vocal cords

Low total testosterone level; depression, weight, decrease in sperm density and mobility, and decrease in muscle density.

Free Testosterone

It is a test that measures free testosterone. Free testosterone is testosterone that is not bound to SHGB. It is used to investigate the causes of infertility, testis and prostate related diseases.


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Estrogen (Estradiol E2)

It is an estrogenic steroid hormone. It is one of the estrogen hormones in the body. It is a hormone produced in the ovaries. It is found more in women. With age, its level begins to decrease. The E2 test is requested to look for symptoms that may be due to estradiol.

  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Excessive development of breast tissue in men (Gynecomastia)
  • Menopause
  • Ovarian cysts


It is intended to control female hormones. Progesterone regulates menstrual cycles. Progesterone, also called the pregnancy hormone, is measured with a blood test. Low progesterone can cause menstrual irregularities. Progesterone is a hormone that naturally rises during pregnancy.

17 Hydroxyprogesterone

It is also called the 17-OH Progesterone test. It is used to detect a genetic disorder called Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH). CAH can cause anomalies in the genitals.

Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate (DHEAS)

It is the androgen hormone. It is produced by the adrenal glands.


Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)

DHEA is the hormone that produces sex hormones. The body uses DHEA to produce androgens and estrogens. The reasons that may cause a low DHEA So4 value can be listed as follows:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Immune system not working properly
  • Failure of the ovaries to produce estrogen
  • Hormone disorders
  • Some medications used for depression and depression
  • Some birth control pills

The high DHEA So4 value may be due to the following reasons:

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Problems with the adrenal glands
  • Ur or tumor presence


It is the hormone that raises the level of testosterone hormone. The Andortenedione test can be requested in the following cases:

  • In the detection of early puberty or late puberty,
  • In the detection of infertility and sexual dysfunctions

Diseases that can be seen at high andortenedione levels;

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Cushing’s Syndrome
  • Diseases of the adrenal glands, tumors

Diseases that can be seen in low andortenedione levels;

  • Failure of the ovaries to function
  • Sickle cell anemia (a genetic disease caused by a decrease in red blood cells)
  • Problems with the adrenal glands

Prolactin (PRL)

Prolactin is a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland. Its height or low is measured with a blood test. Prolactin, popularly called the milk hormone, is effective on the menstrual cycle, reproductive functions and libido. Conditions with high prolactin are considered normal for the pregnancy process. In cases where there is no pregnancy process, it should be interpreted together with other hormone tests for heights. In cases where prolactin is low; It may be due to some diseases caused by the immune system not working properly.


It is called follicle stimulating hormone. High FSH level in women indicates decreased egg reserve and testicular problems in men. This hormone secreted by the pituitary gland is important for child planning.


LH test is one of the hormone tests to check whether the reproductive system is working properly and its functionality. Low LH may be due to the following reasons:

  • Prolactin elevation
  • Some hormonal drugs used
  • Pituitary gland problems
  • Stress

to LH elevation; It can cause polycystic ovary syndrome, menopause in women and testicular problems in men.